grain


grain
grain [greın] n
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
1¦(food)¦
2¦(lines in wood etc)¦
3¦(small piece)¦
4 a grain of something
5 against the grain
6¦(measure)¦
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
[Date: 1200-1300; : Old French; Origin: Latin granum 'seed']
1.) ¦(FOOD)¦
a) [U]
the seeds of crops such as corn, wheat, or rice that are gathered for use as food, or these crops themselves
big sacks of grain
Last year's grain harvest was the biggest ever.
b)
a single seed of corn, wheat etc
grains of rice
2.) ¦(LINES IN WOOD ETC)¦ [singular]
the natural lines you can see in a substance such as wood, which are the result of its structure
along the grain
(=in the same direction as the grain)
Cut along the grain of the wood.
across the grain
(=at 90 degrees to the grain)
3.) ¦(SMALL PIECE)¦
a single very small piece of a substance such as sand or salt
grain of
a grain of sand
There were crumbs and grains of sugar on the table.
4.) a grain of sth
a very small amount of something
The story was so silly it wouldn't have fooled anyone with a grain of sense.
There is a grain of truth in all folklore and legend.
5.) against the grain
if something goes against the grain, it is not what you would naturally or normally do
Mary is always honest and it went against the grain to tell lies.
6.) ¦(MEASURE)¦
the smallest unit for measuring weight, equal to about 0.06 grams. It is used for weighing medicines
take sth with a pinch/grain of salt atsalt1 (3)

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

Synonyms:

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  • grain — [ grɛ̃ ] n. m. • v. 1160; lat. granum → graine I ♦ 1 ♦ Fruit comestible des graminées. Le grain des céréales est un caryopse. Grain de blé, de maïs, de mil, de riz, d orge. Ôter les grains d un épi. ⇒ égrener. Menuis. GRAIN D ORGE. Assemblage à… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Grain — (gr[=a]n), n. [F. grain, L. granum, grain, seed, small kernel, small particle. See {Corn}, and cf. {Garner}, n., {Garnet}, {Gram} the chick pea, {Granule}, {Kernel.}] [1913 Webster] 1. A single small hard seed; a kernel, especially of those… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • grain — Grain, m. monosyllab. Est ce qui vient en l espi, contenant farine. Granum fromenti, hordei, siliginis, auenae, et semblables. Ainsi en bail à moison de grain on dit, Moyennant dix muyds de grain, les deux parts bled, le tiers avoine. Et selon ce …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Grain — симметричный алгоритм синхронного потокового шифрования, ориентированный, в первую очередь на аппаратную реализацию. Шифр представлен на конкурсе eSTREAM в 2004 году Мартином Хеллом, Томасом Юханссоном и Вилли Мейером. Алгоритм стал одним из… …   Википедия

  • grain — [ greın ] noun ** 1. ) uncount the seeds from crops such as wheat, rice, or CORN that are used for food: bags of mixed grain a ) uncount food crops such as wheat, rice, or CORN: golden fields of grain b ) count an individual seed from one of… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • grain — [grān] n. [ME greyne < OFr grein, a seed, grain (< L granum, a seed, kernel) & grainne, seed or grain collectively (< LL grana, fem., orig. pl. of L granum) < IE base * ĝer , to become ripe > CORN1, KERNEL] 1. a small, hard seed or …   English World dictionary

  • GRAIN — is an international non governmental organization based in Barcelona, Spain, which works toward sustainable agriculture. It was formed upon the realization that the genetic diversity of the world s food crops has been drastically eliminated. Very …   Wikipedia

  • Grain — 〈[ grɛın] m. 6; bei Zahlenangaben Pl.: 〉 1. älteres kleines Juwelengewicht, 1/4 Karat 2. Gewichts u. Maßeinheit in Großbrit. u. den USA, 0,0648 g [frz. u. engl., „Korn“ <lat. granum „Korn“] * * * I Grain   [greɪn; englisch »Korn«] der, s/ ( …   Universal-Lexikon

  • grain — ► NOUN 1) wheat or other cultivated cereal used as food. 2) a single seed or fruit of a cereal. 3) a small, hard particle of a substance such as sand. 4) the smallest unit of weight in the troy and avoirdupois systems, equal to 1 / 5760 of a… …   English terms dictionary

  • grain|y — «GRAY nee», adjective, grain|i|er, grain|i|est. 1. like the grain of wood or marble. 2. grainlike; granular: »a grainy surface …   Useful english dictionary


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